Roles and responsibilities
Managing aircraft noise exposure on a community is a collective effort of a number of parties. The following is a high-level summary of roles and responsibilities of key parties.
International Civil Aviation Organization
Aviation Organization (ICAO) is an agency of
the United Nations and was created to promote the safe and standardized
development of international civil aviation. ICAO sets standards and
regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency and regularity,
air navigation, and environmental protection (including noise and emissions).
ICAO endorses the concept of a "Balanced Approach" to aircraft
noise management. This approach aims to identify and implement the most
cost-effective means to address noise problems at an airport, including: noise
reduction at source; land-use planning and management; and, noise abatement
operational procedures and operating restrictions.
Transport Canada, Canada’s aviation
regulator, establishes safety and security standards under the provisions of
the Aeronautics Act and the Canadian Aviation Regulations. The responsibilities
of Transport Canada with regards to noise include reviewing, approving, and
publishing new proposed noise control measures at airports, as well as ensuring compliance with published noise abatement procedures and investigating suspected violations. Transport Canada document TP1247, provides guidance for land use
planning authorities on noise levels that is compatible with residential areas.
largest airports were commercialized or transferred to private operation under
the Government of Canada’s National Airport Policy starting in the 1990s.
Today, most major commercial airports in Canada are operated by local airport
authorities – in some cases, non-share capital corporations with full
responsibility. Others may be operated by local government. Canada’s airports
are responsible for managing their facilities and runways in ways that ensure
safe operations and support the ongoing demand for air services, including managing
the airport’s growth. In many cases, airports have been assigned the
responsibility for noise management, which includes responding to community
concerns, noise monitoring and developing Noise Abatement Procedures for their
NAV CANADA is a private, not-for-profit corporation that operates Canada’s air traffic control and civil air navigation system under the auspices of the Civil Air Navigation Services Commercialization Act. The Company is responsible for the safe co-ordination and the efficient movement of aircraft and is also responsible for planning and managing airspace, including flight paths and airways used by airlines. NAV CANADA publishes Canada Air Pilot and Canadian Flight Supplement, two aviation reference publications that provide pilots with information on airport operations, including details on noise abatement procedures in effect at different facilities. Facilities operated by NAV CANADA include control towers, area control centres, flight information centres and flight service stations. Additionally, the Company operates and maintains navigation and approach aids and equipment.
Airlines and other operators of aircraft
Airlines and other aircraft operators are responsible for conducting their operations in accordance with Transport Canada regulations and published Noise Abatement Procedures. Airline and air operator subject matter experts also are actively involved in working groups and teams that support improvements to aviation safety and efficiency through responsible development of performance-based navigation and airspace design.
Municipalities and other levels of government
Local governments in most Canadian provinces and territories, are responsible for land use planning and development. Such planning authorities may use Noise Exposure Forecasts (NEF), produced by airport authorities using Transport Canada software and metrics, to determine areas where residential development may not be suitable. While, in most cases, ultimate decision-making approval for land use rests with such authorities, some provinces have created provincial guidelines that place additional restrictions on development around airports, such as Alberta’s Airport Vicinity Protection Areas.